Archive for October 2016

Healthy teeth

Decaying teeth

All sodas contain phosphoric and citric acids that erode enamel. Choose water instead. Skimmed milk is better than sports drinks that contain loads of sugars, acids and additives. Drink fortified orange juice instead of eating citrus fruits that contain harmful citric acid. Sip on black or green tea instead of red wine, that contains tannins which can easily stain your teeth.

Our teeth are a critical part of our day to day lives. Imagine what it would be like without a mouthful of incisors, canines and molars. Your diet would be fairly limited, but that could be a good thing depending on what you currently eat.
The dentists keep advising on which foods to avoid and why it is so important to make changes to your diet. When it comes to your teeth, the damage adds up over time. Changing your eating habits sooner rather than later can also help preserve repairs that have already been made, which means less cost down the road.

Foods That Damage Your Teeth And Some Healthy Alternatives

1. Carbonated Sodas

Soda has been getting a lot of attention these days for being one of the least healthy beverages a person can consume. Regular sodas have tons of sugar that can eat away at teeth, but even diet soda can do damage. All sodas contain phosphoric and citric acid that erodes enamel.

The Better Option – Flavored Water

It is best to stick with still water that is flavored with a sugar-free sweetener. Even unsweetened carbonated water can still contain carbonic acid, which is not good for enamel.

2. Sports Drinks

What is the one drink that will harm your enamel more than soda? Sports drinks. Studies have shown that the combination of sugars, acids and additives in sports drinks make them very bad for your teeth. Not only do sports drinks erode enamel, but they can also soften the dentin tissue under enamel.

The Better Option – Water Followed By Skim Milk

To rehydrate, reach for electrolyte infused water or plain water. Skim milk is also a great option for helping muscles recover while giving your teeth a healthy dose of calcium.

3. Hard Candies

Jawbreakers should have been named teeth breakers. Hard candies are full of cavity-producing sugar, but it is their rock solid structure that makes them particularly bad.

Biting down on hard candy can easily chip and break teeth, which can quickly cause major problems. If you suck on hard candies, it is just as bad because it gives bacteria time to produce acids.

The Better Option – Crunchy Fruits

If you like a little crunch along with sweetness, switch out hard candies for fruits like apples and pears. They are still crunchy without overpowering the strength of your teeth.

4. Sticky Candies

Chewy, sticky candies like saltwater taffy can pull a crown or filling loose, but more concerning is the fact that they stick around between your teeth long after they have been eaten. Sticky sweets that are stuck between teeth feed bacteria until you brush and floss.

The Better Option – Soft Fruits

When your sweet tooth can not be contained, the best option is soft fruits like bananas and blueberries. Just remember to brush right after eating highly pigmented fruits that could otherwise stain your teeth.

5. Dried Fruit

They may seem healthy, but most dried fruits are loaded with sugar. Worse still is the fact that they are usually sticky.

The Better Option – Fresh Fruits

Eating fresh fruits will help you avoid the spike in sugar and stickiness of dried fruits.

6. Citrus Fruits And Juices

Yes, the vitamins in citrus fruits provide amazing health benefits – everywhere, but not in your teeth. Lemons, limes, grapefruit and other citruses are very acidic. These acids can quickly erode enamel.

The Better Option: Fortified Orange Juice

Orange juice has been found to be the least acidic of the citrus fruits, and when it is fortified with vitamin D and calcium it is actually very good for your teeth.

7. Pickles And Pickled Foods

Like citric acid, the acids in vinegar (which is used in the pickling process) can quickly wear down enamel. Eating a lot of pickles can also stain your teeth.

The Better Option: Limit Consumption And Combine With Water

Pickled veggies can be a good source of nutrients without a lot of calories. However, they need to be limited, and to avoid serious enamel damage you will need to drink a lot of water to wash the acids down. It is also best to brush your teeth right after eating.

8. Wine

The tannins in red wine may be a healthy antioxidant that fights free radicals in the body, but they can easily stain your teeth. Both white and red wine also contain erosive acid that is so strong that it can soften enamel in as little as five minutes. The alcohol in wine can also cause dry mouth.

The Better Option: Black Or Green Tea

If you want something to sip on during dinner or afterwards, reach for tea instead. The polyphenols in green and black tea will actually kill the bacteria that causes plaque.

9. Refined Carbohydrates

Refined carbohydrates (white breads, crackers, chips, etc.) may not directly harm your teeth, but they can cause gum diseases like gingivitis. This is because refined carbohydrates can create inflammation in the tissue around your teeth. Starchy refined carbs also convert into sugar once you start chewing.

The Better Option: Whole Grains

Eating whole grains is the healthier option all around. They actually lower the risk of tooth loss, gum disease and chronic illness, unlike refined carbs.

To break yourself of eating habits that wreak havoc on your teeth, it may be helpful to keep a food diary.

Supercharge Your Dopamine Levels


Supercharge Your Dopamine Levels and Never Feel Sad, Stressed or Depressed Again.

Our brain releases a neurotransmitter, dopamine, which is crucial for numerous essential bodily functions. Dopamine is great for the following body functions:

-Regulating movement
-Controlling the center of pleasure and reward in the brain
-Improving the cognitive functions (knowledge, attention, memory, decision-making, evaluation, problem solving)
-Regulating the secretion of prolactin

Since it is extremely important for our wellbeing and happiness, the reduced levels of dopamine lead to various health issues, such as depression, sadness, negativity and various emotional troubles.

Fortunately, there are 10 effective ways to raise the dopamine levels in the body, without using medications:

1. Exercise
of every kind raises the levels of dopamine, serotonin, and endorphin. Regular exercise provides happiness, strengthens the body, reduces stress.

2. Avoid Addictions
to alcohol, drugs, gambling, sex, and even shopping, providing an instant pleasure, but it is not a permanent solution. Additions only temporarily satisfy our needs.

Moreover, addictions alter our lifestyle in favor of the source of the addiction, and it is a wicked cycle. Therefore, you should try and lower the risk of developing addictions, enjoy life, and find things that provide deeper calmness and happiness. Also, it is of great importance to work a job you enjoy.

3. Detoxification
Make sure you regularly detoxify your system, as the accumulation of toxins and bacteria in the body prevents the dopamine production and weakens the immunity.

4. Increase Tyrosine
Tyrosine is one of the 22 essential amino acids used for the creation of proteins. It is actually the most important chemical for the dopamine production of dopamine.

Besides dopamine, it also has the potential to elevate norepinephrine levels. In order to raise its levels in the body, you should consume green tea, watermelon, almonds, bananas, avocados, and dark chocolate.

5. Music
Dopamine levels are also increased through listening to music, even though it may be short-term. Therefore, use music as a common way to raise dopamine levels.

6. Organize your life
The levels of dopamine are raised in the case of organized small daily tasks, even though they are hard at times. You should write your tasks down on a piece of paper, and check them off. In this way, you will be satisfied as you note that you finish them one by one.

The Principles of Self-Management state that if a task represents a change of 25% (or bigger change) in the routine, you will feel unable to finish it, and often ends up with a self-sabotage or giving up.

If the task changes 10% of your routine, you will succeed to complete it, as you will believe it is small. Therefore, balance tasks to be 10 and 25% of new behaviors, in order to try new and challenging things, but still not too difficult to complete.

7. Creativity
The levels of dopamine in the brain are also elevated with a creative activity. This will also keep you focused. You do not need to become a world-known artist but try dancing, singing, writing, sculpturing, painting, drawing, cooking, knitting, making crafts, and auto repair, and you will feel much better right away.

8. Get a Streak Going
In this sense, “streak” will mean a visual reminder of the number of times in a row you do something. This is similar to organizing the tasks, and accomplishing them. This will raise the levels of dopamine, and make you happier and satisfied. You should use a calendar, written your goals, and plan when to complete them. As soon as you finish the task, mark it off on your calendar. Yet, the drawback of the ‘streak’ is routine, so you should find a way to enhance the performance.

9. Supplementation
Dopamine levels can also be raised through supplementation, such as:

Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, effectively increases dopamine in the brain.

Ginkgo Biloba has a potential to raise dopamine levels as well.

Acetyl-l-tyrosine is a building block of dopamine, so a healthy dose of it supports the production of dopamine in the brain.

L-theanine increases numerous neurotransmitters in the brain, including dopamine.                                                  

Green tea is a rich source of l-theanine.

10. Meditation
raises the levels of dopamine in a different way that cardio exercises. It improves your mood, creates mental energy, and relaxes the mind. Meditation is an efficient way to reduce stress on a daily basis.img_3545

FIRST ARTIFICIAL PANCREAS


 

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Medtronic’s MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system, the first FDA-approved device that is intended to automatically monitor glucose (sugar) and provide appropriate basal insulin doses in people 14 years of age and older with type 1 diabetes.

The human pancreas naturally supplies a low, continuous rate of insulin, known as basal or background insulin. In patients with diabetes, the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin is impaired.

“The FDA is dedicated to making technologies available that can help improve the quality of life for those with chronic diseases – especially those that require day-to-day maintenance and ongoing attention,” said Jeffrey Shuren, M.D., J.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “This first-of-its-kind technology can provide people with type 1 diabetes greater freedom to live their lives without having to consistently and manually monitor baseline glucose levels and administer insulin.”

The MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system, often referred to as an “artificial pancreas,” is intended to adjust insulin levels with little or no input from the user. It works by measuring glucose levels every five minutes and automatically administering or withholding insulin. The system includes a sensor that attaches to the body to measure glucose levels under the skin; an insulin pump strapped to the body; and an infusion patch connected to the pump with a catheter that delivers insulin. While the device automatically adjusts insulin levels, users need to manually request insulin doses to counter carbohydrate (meal) consumption.

According to the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 5 percent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Also known as juvenile diabetes, type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults. Because the pancreas does not make insulin in people with type 1 diabetes, patients have to consistently monitor their glucose levels throughout the day and have insulin therapy through injection with a syringe, an insulin pen or insulin pump to avoid becoming hyperglycemic (high glucose levels). In addition, management of type 1 diabetes includes following a healthy eating plan and physical activity.

“As part of our commitment to improving diabetes care, the FDA worked interactively with Medtronic from the earliest stages of development to assist in making this technology available to people with type 1 diabetes as quickly as possible,” said Alberto Gutierrez, Ph.D., director of the Office of In Vitro Diagnostics and Radiological Health in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “We encourage companies to work closely with the agency to ensure scientifically sound, highly efficient clinical study designs, helping to expedite the FDA’s evaluation and subsequent approval of novel devices that can make a difference for patients.”

The FDA evaluated data from a clinical trial of the MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system that included 123 participants with type 1 diabetes. The clinical trial included an initial two-week period where the system’s hybrid closed loop was not used followed by a three-month study during which trial participants used the system’s hybrid closed loop feature as frequently as possible. This clinical trial showed that the device is safe for use in people 14 years of age and older with type 1 diabetes. No serious adverse events, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or severe hypoglycemia (low glucose levels) were reported during the study.

Risks associated with use of the system may include hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, as well as skin irritation or redness around the device’s infusion patch. This version of this device is unsafe for use in children 6 years of age or younger and in patients who require less than eight units of insulin per day.

As part of this approval, the FDA is requiring a post-market study to better understand how the device performs in real-world settings. While the device is being approved today for use in people 14 years of age and older with type 1 diabetes, Medtronic is currently performing clinical studies to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the device in diabetic children 7-13 years old.

The MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system is manufactured by Medtronic, headquartered in Dublin, Ireland.

The FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, promotes and protects the public health by, among other things, assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, products that give off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.


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